GM and Ford Earnings: What to Watch for Amid the UAW Strike

Key Points

  • Ford, SK On, and EcoProBM are investing $1.2 billion to build a cathode manufacturing facility in Bécancour, Québec.
  • The new factory will produce up to 45,000 tons of cathode active materials annually, which are used in lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles.
  • The factory is expected to create 345 new jobs in Canada.
  • The Canadian and provincial governments are providing $644 million in incentives to bring the factory to Québec.
  • The investment is part of Ford’s plan to localize key battery raw material processing in regions where it produces EVs.
  • It is also part of SK On’s efforts to secure a stable supply of key battery materials in North America.
  • The investment is seen as a win-win for all parties involved, as it will help to create jobs in Canada, boost the local economy, and reduce the United States’ reliance on China for battery materials.

Ford is partnering with China’s CATL, the world’s largest lithium-ion battery manufacturer, to license battery technology. This unique agreement involves Ford obtaining battery technology from CATL, while CATL won’t operate the Michigan factory. Ford is also collaborating with South Korean battery firm SK On to establish battery factories in the US.



Battery factories qualify for tax credits if a certain percentage of materials are sourced from the US or its economic partners. This aims to reduce China’s influence in the battery supply chain, where it controls over 80% of battery materials.


Battery Technology

Globalization’s impact on cheap production has shifted focus. Countries like Canada benefit from US economic policies and offer incentives to corporations, attracting companies like Volkswagen, GM, and Ford to build battery factories.

Benefits of Partnership

  • Technological Partnership: Ford’s collaboration with CATL and SK On allows it to access advanced battery technology, enhancing its electric vehicle (EV) capabilities.
  • Diversified Supply Chain: Partnering with CATL and SK On helps Ford diversify its battery supply chain, reducing dependency on a single source and ensuring a stable battery materials supply.
  • Tax Credits: By adhering to the requirements for tax credits, Ford can potentially benefit from significant cost savings, further boosting its EV production efforts.
  • Reduced Chinese Dominance: The partnership supports the goal of diminishing China’s dominance in the EV battery materials market, aligning with global economic strategies.
  • Job Creation: Ford’s investment in Canada’s battery manufacturing facility generates employment opportunities, stimulating the local economy and contributing to job growth.
  • Environmental Impact: Localizing battery materials production can lead to a reduced environmental footprint, promoting sustainable manufacturing practices.
  • Increased EV Performance: The collaboration with EcoProBM allows Ford to produce higher-quality cathode materials, ultimately improving the performance and range of its EVs.
  • Strategic Geographic Expansion: Establishing a battery facility in Canada positions Ford strategically in North America’s growing EV market, potentially increasing its market share.

More Benefits

  • Economic Growth: The investment in battery manufacturing aligns with government incentives, fostering economic growth and innovation in the clean tech sector.
  • Positive Public Perception: Ford’s commitment to sustainable practices and clean technology can enhance its public image, attracting environmentally conscious consumers.
  • Achievement of Emission Reduction Targets: Strengthening its EV capabilities aids Ford in meeting emission reduction targets, contributing to a greener future.
  • Global Competitiveness: Through these partnerships, Ford enhances its global competitiveness by staying at the forefront of EV technology and innovation.
  • Collaborative Learning: Collaborating with CATL, SK On, and EcoProBM enables knowledge exchange and cross-industry learning, promoting technological advancement.
  • Long-Term Sustainability: Investing in battery technology and local manufacturing supports Ford’s long-term sustainability as the automotive industry evolves.

Benefits continue

  • Innovation Hub: Establishing the manufacturing facility in Bécancour contributes to the region’s reputation as an innovation hub in the electric car industry.
  • Government Support: Ford benefits from financial support and incentives provided by the Canadian government, facilitating its expansion into battery manufacturing.
  • Resource Efficiency: With a localized supply chain, Ford can optimize resource utilization and reduce logistical complexities, improving overall operational efficiency.
  • Consumer Accessibility: The increased battery production capacity can potentially lead to greater accessibility to EVs for consumers, contributing to the wider adoption of clean transportation.
  • Positive Industry Impact: Ford’s investment and partnerships set an example for other companies in the automotive sector to explore similar collaborations and innovations.
  • Future-Proofing: Ford’s focus on battery technology positions the company to adapt to evolving industry trends and consumer preferences in the rapidly changing automotive landscape.


Ford, SK On, and EcoProBM announced a $1.2 billion investment to construct a cathode manufacturing facility in Canada. This facility will produce cathode active materials for Ford’s electric vehicles (EVs), enhancing performance and range. The location, Bécancour, is becoming an EV hub.

Ford’s investment in Canada strengthens the EV ecosystem and job market. The Canadian government contributes $644 million to support the manufacturing plant. SK On secures a stable battery materials supply, while EcoProBM enters North America with this facility.

The collaboration aligns with the US Inflation Reduction Act’s goal of reducing China’s EV battery technology dominance. The Biden administration’s focus on building industries and clean tech employment showcases tangible results compared to rhetoric.


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